The Mahabharata: A Shortened Modern Prose Version of the Indian Epic

Books 814 Comment
The Mahabharata A Shortened Modern Prose Version of the Indian Epic am Kindle If any book other than Victor Hugo s Les Miserables and Tolstoy s Resurrection has captured the acute human dilemma

The Mahabharata: A Shortened Modern Prose Version of the Indian Epic am Kindle If any book, other than Victor Hugo's 'Les Miserables' and Tolstoy's 'Resurrection', has captured the acute human dilemmas and paradoxes, the powerful and unresolvable human conflicts between good versus good, it is this book, 'Mahabharata'. Written such a long time ago, it is a clear proof that the basic human nature has not changed much since, and will probably remain the same way as long as Man exists.The most tormenting part is when the warrior Arjuna is torn between two equally good causes that are equally strong: on one hand, he has to stand up for his land; on the other hand, he wants to refrain from hurting his cousins. Under this unresolvable conflict, which escalates by the day with complication growing, he goes into a deep confusion, and withdraws from his duty; but then, he is put back on his feet with a severe tongue lashing from Krishna. I could immediately relate to this warrior, because in my job, I am often caught between clashing causes that are equally strong and equally valid. Then I am totally lost, until someone pinches me with a hard logic. I learnt a lot from this book, but the key wisdom I retained from this book: we are just the means, and not the end. When I see from that perspective, life feels so much free of burdens, so much more expansive.Again, a great storytelling, with powerful actions, in high tension, coupled with breathtaking wisdom and insight into human nature.. Growing from an oral tradition of ballads based on historic events in India, the Mahabharata was passed down and extended through the centuries, becoming the longest poem ever written R K Narayan provides a superb rendition in an abbreviated and elegant retelling of this great epic.. Popular Book The Mahabharata: A Shortened Modern Prose Version of the Indian Epic Bagi seseorang dengan daya ingat yang pendek, terutama soal nama, awalnya membaca kisah epik Mahabarata ini merupakan sebuah tantangan. Untungnya sang penulis, mungkin penerjemah dan penyunting juga, paham mengenai kerumitan nama Sansekerta ini sehingga membuatkan daftar tokoh dan tempat serta glosarium. Tidak ketinggalan juga silsilah keluarga para Pandawa dan Kurawa yang dimulai dari Santanu. Bisa dibayangkan setiap bertemu dengan satu karakter akan kembali ke daftar tersebut untuk memastikan siapa orang ini. Namun ternyata kerumitan tidak berhenti di situ saja, selain mengingat nama ternyata hubungan satu tokoh dengan yang lain juga njlimet. Rasanya seperti saat kecil diminta bantuin emak mengurai benang sulamannya yang kusut. Kunci kesuksesan membaca buku ini ternyata membaca dengan perlahan dan seksama dalam tempo yang mengalir juga. Alkisah Santanu, seorang raja dari sebuah kerajaan kuno, menikahi seorang perempuan yang tujuh kali membenamkan setiap bayi yang dia lahirkan ke sebuah sungai. Santanu terikat janji untuk tidak akan pernah mempertanyakan apa yang dilakukan oleh istrinya ini. Namun ketika istrinya, yang ternyata adalah Gangga sang dewi sungai, membawa putra kedelapan mereka, Bhisma, ke sungai itu Santanu menghentikannya. Tak lama berselang Santanu bertemu putri seorang nelayan dan jatuh cinta, namun sang putri berkehendak agar keturunannya yang akan menjadi penerus kerajaan Santanu. Dan Bhisma pun mengucapkan sumpah akan selibat dan tidak memiliki keturunan agar ayahnya bisa menikah dengan sang putri. Dan dimulailah kerumitan silsilah. Setyawati, sang putri nelayan, memiliki dua putra dari Santanu namun keduanya tewas sebelum memberikan keturunan. Sebelumnya Bhisma melarikan tiga putri Amba, Ambika dan Ambalika untuk dinikahkan kepada Wicitrawirya, putra Setyawati dari Santanu yang akhirnya jatuh sakit dan meninggal. Karena Bhisma berpegang teguh dengan sumpah selibatnya, Setyawati akhirnya memanggil Vyasa putra hasil hubungannya dengan resi Antasara. Dari Ambika, Vyasa melahirkan seorang putra Destarastra yang buta sejak lahir karena ibunya memejamkan mata saat bersenggama. Dari Ambalika, lahirlah Pandu yang kulitnya pucat serta Widura putra Vyasa dari seorang pelayan yang menggantikan tempat Ambalika.Destarastra sang pewaris kerajaan memiliki 100 putra dari istrinya Ghandari, sebenarnya agak kaget juga mengetahui seorang ibu bisa melahirkan 100 putra namun yah namanya juga epik. Yang unik adalah Pandu yang dikutuk akan meninggal saat bersenggama, namun beruntung sekali Kunthi istrinya pernah mendapat berkat sehingga bisa memanggil Dewa untuk mendapat anak dari mereka. Kunthi melahirkan tiga putra [Yudistira, Bhima dan Arjuna:] dari tiga dewa berbeda [Batara Yama, Batara Bayu dan Batara Indra:], sementara Madrim istri kedua Pandu melahirkan si kembar, Nakula dan Sahadewa dari dewa kembar Aswin.Di titik ini aku mendapat pelajaran menarik bahwa setiap tindakan yang kita lakukan atau ucapan yang keluar dari mulut kita berdampak atas kejadian di sekitar kita. Amba bertransformasi menjadi prajurit pria bernama Srikandi karena beberapa kali diping-pong antara Salwa dan Bhisma. Bagiku agak aneh Amba memendam kemarahan kepada Bhisma, dan menyebabkan sang sesepuh tewas dalam pertempuran antara Pandawa dan Kurawa di Kurusetra, tetapi tidak kepada raja Salwa. Srikandi yang ditempatkan Arjuna di sisinya menyerang Bhisma yang menjadi jenderal perang pasukan Duryudana dan saat itu juga Bhisma menyadari ajalnya telah tiba. Dia menangkis semua anak panah Arjuna tetapi membiarkan anak-anak panah Srikandi yang mengenai tubuhnya. Pertempuran berhenti ketika Bhisma jatuh dan Arjuna menancapkan sebatang panah ke tanah dan air memancar dari situ langsung ke mulut Bhisma, yang kehausan di penghujung ajalnya.Sama halnya dengan Kunthi yang melahirkan Karna, putra Batara Surya, dan membuangnya ke sungai dan kemudian dirawat dan dibesarkan oleh Rada istri seorang kusir. Jika Kunthi mengakui keberadaan Karna, mengingat semua putranya lahir dari ayah yang berbeda, maka bisa jadi dia tidak akan mati di tangan Arjuna dan Yudistira tidak akan meratapi kematian orang yang seharusnya menjadi kakak sulungnya itu. Pertemuan Karna dengan Kunthi sebelum peperangan berlangsung di buku ini sedikit berbeda dengan pertunjukan yang ditonton Rahel di the God of Small Things. Dalam pertunjukan tersebut diceritakan bagaimana Karna berkata bahwa satu-satunya alasan Kunthi memintanya tidak berperang melawan Pandawa adalah demi keselamatan kelima putranya sementara di buku ini Karna lebih memilih berperang bersama Duryudana karena dia telah mengucapkan sumpah untuk berperang di pihak sepupunya tersebut. Walau memang akhirnya dia bersumpah bahwa dia hanya akan melawan Arjuna sehingga jika salah satu mati, Kunthi masih memiliki lima putra. Semua menyayangkan kesetiaan Karna pada Duryudana, termasuk Vyasa dan Bhisma. Kematian Karna juga tragis karena di saat-saat genting roda kereta kudanya terperosok lumpur dan dia lupa mantra Brahmastra yang dimilikinya. Ternyata kedua kejadian tersebut akibat kutukan yang dijatuhkan atas Karna karena dua tindakan yang pernah ia lakukan. Melihat Karna dalam keadaan putus asa Arjuna sempat ragu-ragu namun Krishna, inkarnasi kedelapan dewa Wisnu, mendesaknya terus hingga Arjuna mengangat Gandiwa, busur besarnya dan melepaskan sebatang anak panah yang memenggal leher Karna. Perang pun selesai, Destarastra dan Ghandari kehilangan 100 putranya [seharusnya 99 karena Wikarna menyeberang dan bergabung dengan Pandawa, namun mungkin Karna dihitung menjadi adik Duryudana karena kesetiaannya:]. Yudistira yang bersedih ingin menyerahkan kerajaannya kepada Arjuna dan menjadi pertapa karena kemenangan yang mereka raih mengorbankan Bhisma, Drona, Karna, Abimanyu, dan Gatutkaca. Namun akhirnya dia tetap menjadi raja dan membagi tugas kerajaan kepada adik-adiknya dengan adil sesuai kemampuan masing-masing. Pemerintahan itu berjalan dengan damai. Destarastra, Ghandari dan Kunthi bersemadi ke hutan dan meninggal saat hutan tersebut terbakar. Pengikut Krishna, Vrishnis, saling membinasakan dalam suatu perang saudara. Krishna sendiri, yang punya andil besar dalam pertempuran antar dua keluarga dari wangsa Kuru ini, tewas ketika sedang beristirahat dan pemburu yang lewat memanah telapak kakinya karena mengira itu seekor burung. Kesedihan akibat kematian Krishna menyebabkan kelima Pandawa dan Drupadi memutuskan untuk meninggalkan dunia ini. Dengan demikian tidak ada satu tokoh pun yang tersisa, kecuali putra Abimanyu yang dilindungi Krishna bahkan ketika masih berada di dalam rahim ibunya. Ia tumbuh dewasa untuk menjadi Raja Hastinapura dan melanjutkan garis keturunan Pandawa. Agak sedikit penasaran sih karena entah mengapa nama putra Abimanyu dan cucu Arjuna ini tidak disebutkan dalam buku ini.
Mahabharata Definition, Story, History, Facts Britannica Mahabharata, Sanskrit Great Epic of the Bharata Dynasty one of the two Sanskrit epic poems of ancient India the other being the Ramayana The Mahabharata is an important source of information on the development of Hinduism between bce and ce and is regarded by Hindus as both a text about dharma Hindu moral law and a history itihasa, literally that s what happened. Mahabharata The Mahabharata A Shortened Modern Prose Feb , The Mahabharata tells a story of such violence and tragedy that many people in India refuse to keep the full text in their homes, fearing that if they do, they will invite a disastrous fate upon their house Covering everything from creation to destruction, this ancient poem remains an indelible part of Hindu culture and a landmark in ancient literature. Mahabharata Ancient History Encyclopedia The Mahabharata A Guide For The NoFap Warrior by The World s Oldest Epic, says, It is through NoFap of the kind described here that the celestials attained to their divinity, and sages, highly blessed and of great wisdom, have obtained the reg The Mahabharata Unforgettable Lessons in An Indian Epic Pandavas The Five Warriors

About Author

  • Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa R.K. Narayan Post author

    Krishna Dvaip yana Vy sa, also known as Vy sa or Veda Vy sa , the one who classified the Vedas into four parts is a central and revered figure in most Hindu traditions He is traditonally regarded as the author of the Mah bh rata, although it is also widely held that he only composed the core of the epic, the Bh rata A significant portion of the epic later was only added in later centuries, which then came to be known as the Mah bh rata The date of composition of this epic is not known It was definitvely part of the traditions in Indian subcontinent at the time Gautam Buddha 500 BCE which would suggest it having been already around for atleast a few centuries It was chiefy put down in the written form only somewhere between 300 BCE to 300 CE.As the name would suggest, Vy sa is believed to have categorised the primordial single Veda into its four canonical collections He is also considered to be the scribe of Pur n s, ancient Hindu texts eulogizing various deities, primarily the divine Trimurti God in Hinduism through divine stories.

One thought on “The Mahabharata: A Shortened Modern Prose Version of the Indian Epic

  • If any book, other than Victor Hugo s Les Miserables and Tolstoy s Resurrection , has captured the acute human dilemmas and paradoxes, the powerful and unresolvable human conflicts between good versus good, it is this book, Mahabharata Written such a long time ago, it is a clear proof that the basic human nature has not changed much since, and will probably remain the same way as long as Man exists.The most tormenting part is when the warrior Arjuna is torn between two equally good causes that a [...]


  • Bagi seseorang dengan daya ingat yang pendek, terutama soal nama, awalnya membaca kisah epik Mahabarata ini merupakan sebuah tantangan Untungnya sang penulis, mungkin penerjemah dan penyunting juga, paham mengenai kerumitan nama Sansekerta ini sehingga membuatkan daftar tokoh dan tempat serta glosarium Tidak ketinggalan juga silsilah keluarga para Pandawa dan Kurawa yang dimulai dari Santanu Bisa dibayangkan setiap bertemu dengan satu karakter akan kembali ke daftar tersebut untuk memastikan sia [...]


  • R.K Narayan s abridged, prose version of India s national epic, The Mahabharata, is concise, fast paced, well written, and unfortunately passionless Narayan has excised nearly everything not directly related to the Pandavas Yudhistira, Bhima, Arjuna, and Nakula and Sahadeva and their wife, Draupadi In the process, he s also stripped the story of any emotional power For the most part, it s like reading a book summary rather than a proper story For example, there s the chapter that has come down t [...]



  • Long while ago, while I was deputed back to a different city, I was so desperate to spend my time in contemplation after reading a book I thought this particular effort will weed away the time By then , several of my endeavour with various genres have never satisfied my appetite , even though I enjoyed reading them As I have read almost the entire collection of R K NARAYAN, I have just kept the Indian epics away for a while to prepare my mind amidst the hectic work Time just waned away and at on [...]


  • many years ago, a friend of mine was trying to find a complete translation of mahabarata the original proses by bagawan vyasa and later additionals with no luck He persistently asked me to help out by at the least narrate him the storyline briefly from an indonesian adaptation baratayuda which was a great pain for meraid that his curiosity would kill himj k duh, i lent him this copy, and it appeased his curiosity So for us this book was a win win situationi have read several indonesian adaptatio [...]


  • This shortened version must have taken all the juice out of the original It gave me very little except for a family tree of over 20 names who apart from Bhisma, Krishna and Arjuna left few impressions of themselves apart from their names I d try the longer version for which this could serve as a summary if you want to prepare or don t try it at all


  • a short and general brief to get to know Mahabharata I get to read this in order to fully understand the next book I wanna read Bilangan Fu by Ayu Utami Centhini Kekasih yang Tersembunyi by Elizabeth D Inandiak.And so I started my journey.






  • Its an epic rewritten in a lucid waye depth of it is covered nicely but not the width.This book is for who want know the abstract view of the original mahabharata


  • I watched the show about the Mahabharata on Doordarshan as a kid In hindsight, it was cheesy, but I was totally enthralled Later, my brother had an illustrated version of the Mahabharata that I read along with him as a young teenager Since then, I ve often tried to get a proper, non child oriented, introduction to the epic This book turned out to be exactly that.Narayan condensed and translated the epic into a 200 page novel back in the 1980s He retained many of the stories I remembered from the [...]


  • Saya penyuka kisah pewayangan sejak kecil, maka plot utama epos ini cukup saya kenal Saya bisa katakan, untuk buku setipis ini, Narayan tidak meninggalkan satu pun titik penting dalam plot Semua rangkaian aksi reaksi konsekuensi yang membentuk wajah epos ini dijalin dengan terampil Sebagai seorang penerus tradisi tuturan populer Kamban, Narayan bertutur dengan lugas tapi mendalam, intelek sekaligus magis, serta anggun Epos ini tidak kehilangan keagungannya dalam tata penuturan populer Narayan Na [...]


  • I was excited to read this shortened version of the Mahabharata after reading the excellent abbreviated version of the Ramayana by R.K Narayan To be fair I was a lot familiar with the Mahabharata due to reading Grant Morrison s 18 Days which is currently incomplete and God Talks with Arjuna an analysis of The Bhagavad Gita With those being much nuanced and flourishing, this adaptation seemed very paint by numbers.The Ramayana had a lot of flair with the author adding colorful commentary and br [...]


  • This was an interesting charity shop find which piqued my interest since I have very patchy knowledge of Indian culture and the Hindu religion which are encompassed in this sprawling poem.Maha a prefix indicating greatness Jaya Bharata Great victory is primarily an epic tale of the conflict between factions of a royal family The Good Pandavas and the Bad Kauravas who are at war with each other on a supernatural, mystical and godly scale Intertwined with this basic plot are philosophical, spiritu [...]


  • A classic for all ages past, present and to comeR K Narayan s version self admittedly comprises of the essential story that forms the hundred thousand verse epic of the Mahabharata Though the epic is colossal abounding in details on all topics, the core of the story which is essentially a story of war, is nevertheless brilliantly condensed by the author in the form of a gripping narrative A timeless classic.


  • I found this in a used book store and understand it is a greatly condensed version of an epic historical text With that understanding I am using it as an introduction for other readings later on I am very pleased with the accessibility in this version and am developing an overall understanding of the tales hoping to explore in depth at later time Well done


  • A Master TouchExcellent telling Narayan has a master eye for details and balance The ability to encapsulate the action of a story or dialog and then the ability to draw all together.



  • The original version of The Mahabharata is a massive and ancient work, rendered inaccessible to all but dedicated readers due to its size and complexity Narayan, in this short summarized version, provides an opportunity for anyone with as much as a passing interest to learn and understand the major points of this classic religious text of the Bhakti Hindu religious tradition Narayan s prose is incredibly well organized, and indeed reads like a modern text quite a feet summarizing a 3,500 year ol [...]


  • What I read here is just the shortened modern prose version of the Indian epic The Original is some 3 500 years old and is the longest poem in existence, eight times longer than The Iliad and The Odyssey put together Actually, the Bhagavad Gita, which I had a hard time following and understanding, is part of this epic and was summarized here in about one page For my review of this book, I can best quote a paragraph from the introduction Although this epic is a treasure house of varied interests, [...]


  • Considering the Mahabharata is the lengthiest epic poem in existence it was quite surprising to see the size of this book And when this book says it s a shortened modern prose, it really means its shortened Almost all important events in this epic tale are rushed through, omitted or merely mentioned, which was quite disappointing If I weren t familiar with the story, I wouldn t have been able to keep track of everything that was going on I wasn t sure what to expect before reading the book but I [...]


  • This book is my first introduction to the Mahabharata, and I do like it I found that it was a simple, fast paced read Which of course was what I was looking for Since the original Mahabharata is super long, I was grateful to find a short prose version that would give me the information quickly in story form However, since I m not familiar with Indian culture, religion, or mythology, I m sure a lot of the significance of this work was lost on me Also, I did have difficulty keeping characters stra [...]


  • Having never read the unabridged Mahabharata which runs to about 100,000 stanzas or roughly 8x the length of Homer s Iliad and Odyssey combined making it one of the longest written compositions in the world, not to mention making it unlikely that i ll ever get around to reading it it is difficult to adequately review an abridged version However, I can make a few comments.Narayan renders this extensive work into a brief 179 pages, an amazing feat, and produces a very well written and entertaining [...]


  • Epic in true sense One of best pieces of literature our part of world produced.Having a little knowledge of Abrahamic religions, there were many similarities in the events mentioned in Mahabharata and Abrahamic scriptures.There are incidents of throwing children in river Moses and Karana Draupadi s incident has a far fetched similarity with Abraham s wife Sarah.Moses exodus and Pandava s exile vanvas got same feel Even Pandavas got a permanent source of their food from heaven like Israelite got [...]


  • I wanted to read The Mahabharata because I was ashamed of my ignorance of Indian mythology I chose to read R.K Narayan s version because he is a great story teller I was not disappointed at all This abridged version is just what I was looking for to gain knowledge without making it cumbersome as such epics can get for a modern reader He even managed to make it funny Like the fact that the original author of the epic, Vyasa, chose to cast himself in the story as a sage so he could warn the main c [...]


  • A very classic tale from the Bhakti hindu religion, and a wonderful read This tale was written over a long period by many authors, but the characters of the sons of Pandu and the Kauvara brothers are fantastic guides for moral behavior, and also provide interesting dialogues with the gods I was not super impressed with how they treated their wife which they shared amongst them, but what can you do


  • This was my second go round with ancient Indian epics The translation was a good one for an amateur The translator shortened some of the lengthy, redundant passages in the original, which was helpful I recognized a few stories within the larger whole that I had encountered previously, and while I was reading it, I even ran across an Indian commercial that referenced it with humor It was great fun to be in on the joke, so to speak.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *