Exploring Revolution: Essays on Latin American Insurgency and Revolutionary Theory: Essays on Latin American Insurgency and Revolutionary Theory

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Good Book Exploring Revolution Essays on Latin American Insurgency and Revolutionary Theory Essays on Latin American Insurgency and Revolutionary Theory the best work This series of essays on insurg

Good Book Exploring Revolution: Essays on Latin American Insurgency and Revolutionary Theory: Essays on Latin American Insurgency and Revolutionary Theory the best work This series of essays on insurgency and revolution focuses on events in Latin America since 1956 The contributors discuss revolutionary theory, the nature of social movements and models of social action Topics raised include terror, guerilla regimes, mobilizing peasants, and the vulnerability of regimes to revolution.. Good Book Exploring Revolution: Essays on Latin American Insurgency and Revolutionary Theory: Essays on Latin American Insurgency and Revolutionary Theory Ideology and Revolution? The Limitations of Consciousness Raising in Revolutionary StrugglesConscientização: "conscientization" or "consciousness raising." Term introduced by Paulo Freire, who sought to develop a "critical pedagogy" which was (unfortunately) deeply entrenched in myopic egotism. "Freire instead argues that the illiterate peasant is literally dehumanized by this pre-elevated state of consciousness (unlike the 'obviously' more human educator)." - p. 109Major difference between Marx & Lenin: Lenin saw the need for a "revolutionary vanguard" to foment ideology in the masses (proletariat); whereas Marx (I guess?) supposed this might happen organically under the right circumstances. "Peter Berger has mounted a decisive phenomenological assault on the notion that human beings posssess 'higher' or 'lower' levels of consciousness. From his perspective, each human being inhabits a social, meaning-providing world, one partially 'given' and partially (and socially) constructed; each such world is unique, although shared in varying degrees with other humans. As opposed to Freire, Berger posits the equality of all empirically available social worlds." - p. 107"We might infer a rule from this striking juxtaposition of saddening words: you do not know who your bedfellows will be once you begin discerning levels of 'consciousness'." - p. 110"Eric Wolf, Theda Skocpol, Joel Migdal, Jeffery Paige, Samuel Popkin, and James Scott have -- all in different manners -- made it abundantly clear that social and political constraints, rather than 'false consciousness,' inhibit the collective, radical action of the peasantry; to paraphrase Mae West, consciousness has nothing to do with it." - p. 110Attack on Chomsky: "One of the remarkable features about such recurring works is how little the arguments rely on empirical research in the social sciences." Wickham-Crowley uses the example of American media (advertising) as a misconstrued alteration of consciousness: as Barrington Moore argues, the "research findings [suggest that] ordinary people form their ideas from their immediate experiences, not from mass media, or not to any great extent." - p. 111"To assume that peasants can only attain higher levels of consciousness through interaction with revolutionaries is, at best, badly phrased. To term that newfound consciousness 'higher' than the previous one is merely hubris." - p. 113"Carlos Rangel suggested that a Boy Scout would have been better prepared for guerrilla activity than the typical bourgeois guerrillero of the 1960s. What peasant guerrilla would have written the following in his diary (or indeed kept a diary at all)?: 'I must write letters to Sartre and B. Russell requesting them to organize an international fund in support of the Bolivian Liberation Movement.'" - p. 114The writer, of course, is Che Guevara. I'm not too sure what point Wickham-Crowley is making, though, aside from the disparity between intellectuals and peasantry. With few exceptions, the revolutionary movements in Latin America occurred at the junction between Communist ideology and peasant unrest."Hence Solzhenitsyn argues that literature created by the upper classes about the lives of the poor is always marred by 'the incapacity genuinely to understand... They simply could not climb into the pelts of the members of the lower stratum.'" -p. 114Tolstoy tried his darnedest, though."Generally absent from the guerrillas' themes are abolition of private property in the means of production; collectivization of agriculture; the suppression of middlemen and of independent market activity not controlled by government; ... That is, guerrillas typically are not promoting the very institutions -- historically embedded in socialist economies dominated by Marxist-inspired political parties -- that they seek to emulate after the revolution." - p. 116Castro's revolution is as good an example of this as any."As Peter Berger pointed out some time ago, regardless of the comparative realities of capitalist and socialist societies, there is no question that socialism has by far the better 'myths' concerning the society it wishes to create." - p. 118"that terror may arise from the very attempt to reorganize morality on an a priori basis"which is why "Berger suggests 'cognitive respect' as a fundamental ethical principle for development" - p. 119Narodnichestvo: "practiced by Russia's agarian populists during the 1800s: go out to the people, share their lives, and raise them up." This was, apparently, embodied in the spirit of Héctor Béjar of the Peruvian ELN (Ejército de Liberación Nacional); though not the ELN itself. Pedagogy needs to be a mutual "rapprochement rather than conversion." - p. 121"Therefore, calls for 'the land for those who work it' should not be considered rapprochement with peasant interests unless the revolutionaries evince a serious commitment to a type of land reform congruent with peasant desires, which clearly rules out collectivization: no peasantry, pace Communist Chinese claims, has voluntarily collectivized itself in modern history." - p. 122"Trotskyists are distinguished from other Marxists by their categorical rejection of the growth of a centralized, bureaucratic state apparatus which becomes an organ for repressing the masses who made the revolution. They therefore reject the Stalinist model." - p. 123Is it possible to have post-revolutionary mechanisms in the hands of the masses? Guatemala MR-13: "the function of the guerrillas is seen as that of organizing the peasants and becoming their revolutionary instrument."Foray into network theory. "Indeed, in some cases, individuals joined the church while expressing complete disbelief in Moon's teachings (read: ideology). Stark concludes that 'the primary basis of conversion was attachment.'" - p. 129For a more grounded approach to the effect of social networks on revolutionary movements, consider In the Time of the Butterflies by Julia Alvarez.Sendero Luminoso:* up to 6,000 armed members; with at least 20 supporters for each soldier* unparalleled "total institution" (in the form of University of Huamanga)* dominated education dept and outreach to indigenous/peasant highlands* "The Guatemalan guerrillas were helped in part by the strong solidarity of Indian communities in the western highlands; once Indians decided to 'join' the revolution, they often did so as villages, not as individuals, and both ORPA (the Organization of the People in Arms) and the EGP recruited through Indian mediators and in the Indian tongues, while committing their organizations to racial equality as well as socialist revolution." - p. 133"Fidel Castro 'tapped into' this preexisting social network when he signed an accord with Pérez in mid-1956, which would give protection and land to the squatter population if it helped Castro to seize power." - p. 134"The Colombian guerrilla movement which 'officially' began around 1965 can be summarized simply: the guerrilla movements emerged from the peasantry, rather than coming to the countryside, and thus the whole 'mobilizational' model is largely irrelevant to the Colombian experience, as is the consciousness-raising approach." .... "Those same areas [Sumapaz, Viotá, and Tequendama] fell under the influence of the Colombian Communist Party (PCC) very early on, and later became the bases of true 'peasant republics,' which formed as self-governing, self-defense areas during La Violencia of the 1950s." - p. 135"[Tilly's] analysis implies an aphorism: no organizational mobilization of resources, no revolutionary contention. Disembodied hostility does not create a revolutionary movement. As Trotsky noted some time ago, if sheer exploitation were enough to generate an uprising, then the masses would always be up in arms." - p. 137
Exploring Revolution Essays on Latin American Insurgency Dec , This series of essays on insurgency and revolution focuses on events in Latin America since The contributors discuss revolutionary theory, the nature of social movements and models of social action Topics raised include terror, guerilla regimes, mobilizing peasants, and the vulnerability of regimes to revolution Read Read less Exploring Revolution Essays on Latin American Insurgency Exploring Revolution book Read reviews from world s largest community for readers This series of essays on insurgency and revolution focuses on events Exploring Revolution Essays on Latin American Insurgency This series of essays on insurgency and revolution focuses on events in Latin America since The contributors discuss revolutionary theory, the nature of social movements and models of social Exploring revolution essays on Latin American insurgency This series of essays on insurgency and revolution focuses on events in Latin America since The contributors discuss revolutionary theory, the nature of social movements and models of social action Topics raised include terror, guerilla regimes, mobilizing peasants, and the vulnerability of regimes to revolution. Exploring revolution essays on Latin American insurgency This series of essays on insurgency and revolution, focusing on Latin America since , discusses revolutionary theory, the nature of social movements and models of social action Topics include terror, guerilla regimes, mobilizing peasants, and the vulnerability of regimes to revolution. Exploring the American Revolution Words Bartleby Exploring the American Revolution Words Pages Successful revolt of the thirteen British colonies on the American soil was an extremely important historical event because United Kingdom eventually recovered from the loss of its possessions, while the United States of America emerged on the other side of the Atlantic. American Revolution Essays Examples of Research Paper Essays on American Revolution There are a number of historical events that considered as a pivotal time to the particular country In the USA it is probably the American Revolution that brought an introduction to the brand new model of government and subsequently the new world In it was an act of true rebellion and a path to cement the Home LIBERTY, EQUALITY, FRATERNITY EXPLORING THE Alongside summaries of the revolution s major periods, the essays also include in depth explorations of subjects ranging from women s history to the complicated relationship between revolutionary ideals and slavery that was practiced in the French colonies Explore the essays. American Revolution Essay Bartleby American Revolution Essay Page of About essays The American Revolution The Revolution Words Pages The American Revolution Revolutionizes the World It was the first revolution to majorly succeed and change how people saw their countries, it was the American Revolution The American Revolution was the first successful Essay Writing Service Essay Writer I need help writing a essay E Series Funding of the last custom essay writing service reviews category require care emergency, non urgent, scheduled in was an average of For general instructions on how to apply for financial aid, please visit the

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  • Ideology and Revolution The Limitations of Consciousness Raising in Revolutionary StrugglesConscientiza o conscientization or consciousness raising Term introduced by Paulo Freire, who sought to develop a critical pedagogy which was unfortunately deeply entrenched in myopic egotism Freire instead argues that the illiterate peasant is literally dehumanized by this pre elevated state of consciousness unlike the obviously human educator p 109Major difference between Marx Lenin Lenin saw the need f [...]


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